Seljuk Empire Explanation

Seljuk Empire Explanation || History Of Seljuk Empire

The Seljuks was related to Oghuz Khan and Turk Tribes,Seljuks Empire was famous with the name of himself, Seljuk leave his non-muslims tribe and migrated to Bakara with his tribes people then he start conquering the non-Muslims Turks places and increases his strength . Seljuk leaves his three sons after his death Arslan,Mikail and Mosa then again Mikail left his two sons Tughril Beg and Chaghri Beg but the the empire was given to Tughril Beg who reveal his power to his neighborhood countries,

Mehmood Ghaznavi start war with slejuks in the reasons of rising power of slejuks but after some winning he start lossing in the result Slejuks conquered khurasan after these he also conquered the khwarazm after this Tugrhril Beg conquare the near places of khwarazm. It was the era when the turks and Āl-e Būya was enemys,after Caliph Motasim the aridness of Slejuks was common on Bagdad But in 4th ceuntry Āl-e Būya started capturing the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad which damage the strength of Slejuks,then seeing this stiuation the Caliph requested Tughril Bed to help him.

On Dec 1055 Tughril Beg entered in Bagdad and controle the situation and also destroy the Āl-e Būya,now the power of Slejuks was revealed on Bagdad ,Caliph give the Title of ” Sultan of East and West ” to the Tughril Beg and he give him many prize,Tughril Beg also conquered some areas of Arabs. After the death of Tughril Beg his brother’s (Chaghri Beg) son Alp Arslan take over the Empire .

He was the Sultan who defeated Byzantine Empire in the place of Malazgirt in 1071 and Conquered most of the Anatolia , after this he also conquered Sham . After his death his successor Malik Shah conquered Yemen , in the result the Empire of Bagdad loses his most to turks area almost to 5th century to 7th century .

History Of Seljuk Empire

After the sudden death of Malik Shah his four sons Muhammad Tapar,Berkyaruq,Mahmud I and Ahmad Sanjar started war for the thorn of Slejuk Empire . After defeating all his brother Ahmad Sanjar took the thorn his first some years was going very good by conquering the places but after this the Slejuk Empire was destroyed in 1194 by the Khwarazm Empire . Now we will talk about Seljuk Sultanate of Rum ,

the founder of this empire was Suleiman I who was the son of Qutulmish ,( son of Arslan ) , Qutulmish was the son of Arslan and cousin of Tughril Beg . In the period of Alp Arslan he cheat Alp Arslan and announce independent from the Empire. He was killed in 1064 by the hand of Alp Arslan . His son Suleiman I migrate to Anatolia and in 1077 he captured Nicaea who was the very important city of Byzantine Empire and he make it the capital of his empire . In 1086 he also conquered some place but in First Crusade the Sultanate of Rum loses his power and in 1057 he also lose Nicaea forever . Now there was only few cities of Anatolia in the Sultanate of Rum .Now we will talk about Seljuk Sultanate of Rum , the founder of this empire was Suleiman I who was the son of Qutulmish ,

( son of Arslan ) , Qutulmish was the son of Arslan and cousin of Tughril Beg . In the period of Alp Arslan he cheat Alp Arslan and announce independent from the Empire. He was killed in 1064 by the hand of Alp Arslan . His son Suleiman I migrate to Anatolia and in 1077 he captured Nicaea who was the very important city of Byzantine Empire and he make it the capital of his empire .

In 1086 he also conquered some place but in First Crusade the Sultanate of Rum loses his power and in 1057 he also lose Nicaea forever . Now there was only few cities of Anatolia in the Sultanate of Rum . In 6th century the Sultanate of Rum was very weak but when Kilij Arslan I take over the empire he made Koniya the Capital his empire and he made a strong Empire , after his death his successor Kilij Arslan II increase the area of his empire by conquering places of Byzantine Empire , in 1182 Kilij Arslan II deeded and his younger son Kaykhusraw I hold the throne ,

he fought with Byzantine Empire and take bace his old place which his ancestors conquered and after him his successor Kaykaus I and after him his brother Kayqubad I . The period of Kayqubad I was the golden period of Sultanate of Rum but after him in the period of his son Kaykhusraw II the Empire start falling down . In this period the Mongols came on the border and they start capturing the cities of the Sultanate of Rum ,

after all in Battle of Köse Dağ in 1243 the Seljuks lose their dependence forever , after the contract with mongols the gone but after the death of Kaykhusraw II in 1245 his three sons fought for the throne after this Mongols killed one of his brother. after the contract with mongols the gone but after the death of Kaykhusraw II in 1245 his three sons fought for the throne after this Mongols killed one of his brother. .

Now there was only two prince of the throne Kilij Arslan IV and Kaykaus II . Hulagu Khan divide the Sultanate between them. Now the rulers was Mongols and they killed people for money . By seeing these situation the Sultan requested the Mamluks of Egypt for help them . Mamluks of Egypt defeated Mongols in Anatolia and they run away but when Mongols came but they destroyed the Sultanate of Rum forever.

In 7th century when Mongols becomes weak some Turk Bey announce their independence and the Ottoman was one of them .

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